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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1998 Aug;98(2):98-104.

The Nordic Comparative Study on Sectorized Psychiatry: patients who use only psychiatric in-patient care in comprehensive community-based services--a 1-year follow-up study.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, Finland.


In the present paper a sample of patients using psychiatric in-patient care only is characterized and analysed with regard to characteristics of the psychiatric services. This paper forms part of the Nordic Comparative Study on Sectorized Psychiatry, designed to investigate contact rates and use of psychiatric care by new patients in 7 catchment areas in 4 Nordic countries during a 1-year follow-up. One-year treated incidence cohorts were used. The logistic regression analysis revealed that the variable 'psychiatric service' was one of the statistically significant determinants of using only in-patient care during the follow-up. The diagnostic groups with the highest probability of using only in-patient care were dependencies and functional psychoses. The following factors were associated with a high risk of using only in-patient care: older age, being referred by another psychiatrist, having received previous psychiatric in-patient care, male sex, being retired, and not living with one's parents or a partner. Patients who used only in-patient care had fewer admissions and days in in-patient care than others during the 1-year follow-up period. Lack of 24-hour emergency services in out-patient care correlated positively with the use of only in-patient care.

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