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J Appl Microbiol. 1998 Jun;84(6):1059-68.

Production by and isolation of exopolysaccharides from Streptococcus thermophilus grown in a milk medium and evidence for their growth-associated biosynthesis.

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Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.


Four Streptococcus thermophilus strains (Strep. thermophilus BTC, Strep. thermophilus LY03, Strep. thermophilus 480 and Strep. thermophilus Sfi20) have been examined for their exopolysaccharide production capacity. All strains produced a polymer composed of the neutral sugars glucose and galactose, but in different ratios. It was clearly shown that the biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides from Strep. thermophilus LY03 is growth-associated and hence displays primary metabolite kinetics. The monomer ratio of the exopolysaccharide synthesized did not vary throughout the fermentation cycle. The production kinetics and exopolysaccharide yields were strongly dependent on the fermentation conditions. Physical factors such as temperature, pH and oxygen tension as well as chemical factors (medium composition, initial lactose concentration, carbon/nitrogen levels) were of utmost importance.

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