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J Comp Pathol. 1998 Jul;119(1):89-93.

Characterization of wear debris associated with aseptic loosening of a canine hip prosthesis.

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Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Bristol, UK.


A 12-month-old Golden Retriever bitch underwent unilateral hip arthroplasty following a diagnosis of coxofemoral osteoarthritis secondary to hip dysplasia. The hip prosthesis underwent aseptic loosening and was removed 6 months after implantation. Synovial biopsies taken at that time revealed scattered foci of granulomatous inflammation associated with intra-cytoplasmic and extracellular particulate material. Electron microscopical analyses demonstrated that this material contained cobalt, chromium, titanium and zirconium, which was probably wear debris from the loosened prosthesis. In human patients with hip arthroplasty, widespread dissemination of wear debris from loosened prostheses occasionally occurs, with an increased prevalence of neoplasia. A similar phenomenon may be predicted to occur with the increasing use of hip arthroplasty in the dog.

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