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Nature. 1998 Aug 13;394(6694):645-50.

Crystal structure of the spliceosomal U2B"-U2A' protein complex bound to a fragment of U2 small nuclear RNA.

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MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.


We have determined the crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution of a ternary complex between the spliceosomal U2B"/U2A' protein complex and hairpin-loop IV of U2 small nuclear RNA. Unlike its close homologue the U1A protein, U2B" binds to its cognate RNA only in the presence of U2A', which contains leucine-rich repeats in its sequence. The concave surface of a parallel beta-sheet within the leucine-rich-repeat region of U2A' interacts with the ribonucleoprotein domain of U2B" on the surface opposite its RNA-binding surface. The basic carboxy-terminal region of U2A' interacts with the RNA stem. The crystal structure reveals how protein-protein interaction regulates RNA-binding specificity, and how replacing only a few key residues allows the U2B" and U1A proteins to discriminate between their cognate RNA hairpins by forming alternative networks of interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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