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Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Jul-Aug;77(4):288-90.

Muscle strength of trunk flexion-extension in post-stroke hemiplegic patients.

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Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yokohama Rosai Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.


This study was undertaken to determine muscle strength of trunk flexion-extension in hemiplegic patients after stroke compared with that of normal controls. The design consisted of a nonrandomized control trial in a secondary care setting (a rehabilitation unit at a hospital facility). The subjects included 25 post-stroke male hemiplegic patients and 25 male healthy controls. The maximal peak torques of trunk flexion-extension at angular velocities of 0 degrees (isometric contraction), 60 degrees, 120 degrees, and 150 degrees/s were measured by using an isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex Trunk Extension-Flexion Unit, Cybex, Ronkonkoma, NY). Peak torque of trunk flexion and extension in hemiplegic patients was significantly smaller than that of healthy controls (P < 0.05), except isometric trunk flexion (P > 0.05). The weakness of trunk flexion-extension muscles in hemiplegic patients might be accounted for by the bilateral innervation from the motor cortex, the insufficient use of high threshold motor units, and disuse atrophy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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