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Gene. 1998 Jul 30;215(2):361-70.

Cloning, functional expression, and chromosomal localization of the human and mouse gp180-carboxypeptidase D-like enzyme.

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  • 1Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.


We previously reported that a host cell glycoprotein, gp180, binds duck hepatitis B virus particles, and is encoded by a member of the carboxypeptidase gene family (Kuroki, K., Eng, F., Ishikawa, T., Turck, C., Harada, F., Ganem, D., 1995. gp180, a host cell glycoprotein that binds duck hepatitis B virus particles, is encoded by a member of the carboxypeptidase gene family. J. Biol. Chem. 270, 15022-15028). After that report, carboxypeptidase D (CPD) was subsequently purified from bovine pituitary and characterized as a novel carboxypeptidase E (CPE)-like enzyme, with many characteristics in common with duck gp180 (Song, L., Fricker, L.D., 1995. Purification and characterization of carboxypeptidase D, a novel carboxypeptidase E-like enzyme, from bovine pituitary. J. Biol. Chem. 270, 25007-25013). CPD is now supposed to play an important role in a secretory pathway. To clarify the function of gp180 further, we have isolated and analyzed human and mouse homologues of duck gp180. cDNA clones derived from human HepG2 cells and mouse livers have been isolated on the basis of homology to the duck gp180. The suggested open reading frames of the human and mouse cDNA encode 1380 and 1377 amino acid proteins, respectively and have three carboxypeptidase homologous domains (A, B, and C). Domains A and B have completely conserved the residues known to have the enzymatic activity of carboxypeptidase, but domain C in each cDNA does not. Northern blotting revealed a ubiquitous tissue distribution of human gp180 mRNA with several transcript species. Expression of human gp180 cDNA in transfected 293T<HSP SP = "0. 25">cells exhibited carboxypeptidase activity upon radiometric assay. The human and mouse homologues of duck gp180 have many characteristics in common with bovine CPD. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization reveals that the gene encoding human gp180 is located in region 17q11.2.

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