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Leuk Lymphoma. 1998 Jul;30(3-4):293-306.

Changes in oncogene expression implicated in evolution of chronic granulocytic leukemia from its chronic phase to acceleration.

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1
Institute of Microbiology, University Medical School, Debrecen, Hungary.

Abstract

Expression of nine oncogenes was investigated in cell samples from fifteen patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) both at diagnosis and at the onset of accelerated phase (AP) of the disease. The bcr-abl fusion gene, the H-ras gene and the c-myb gene were universally expressed. In comparison with the chronic phase (CP) of the disease, an increase in the levels of bcr-abl-, c-myb- and H-ras-related transcripts was found in three, two and three AP samples, respectively. Elevation of the bcr-abl-related message was associated with duplication of the Ph chromosome and amplification of the bcr-abl fusion gene in one AP sample. No CP samples were positive for c-myc or c-sis expression. On the contrary, c-myc and c-sis were expressed in three and four AP samples, respectively. The presence of c-myc-related transcript was associated with trisomy 8 with or without amplification of the c-myc oncogene in leukemia cells of two patients with CGL in AP. No changes of oncogene expression were found in four AP samples. However, we observed deletions of chromosome 13 and 17 or i(17q) in three of them, suggesting that tumor suppressor gene alterations may also be responsible for the development of AP of CGL. Our data indicate that heterogeneous alterations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes accompany the evolution of CGL-CP to the AP of the disease.

PMID:
9713961
DOI:
10.3109/10428199809057542
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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