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J Vet Med Sci. 1998 Jul;60(7):791-4.

A delayed-implantation-associated protein prevents resumption of DNA synthesis by the trophectoderm of delayed-implanting mouse blastocysts in vitro.

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1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

Objective of this study was to determine the ability of a delayed-implantation-associated protein (MW 170,000, DIAP170K) to inhibit DNA synthesis by mouse blastocysts. Mice were ovariectomized on day 3 of pregnancy and treated with daily injections with 1 mg progesterone till day 7 to induce delayed implantation. Blastocysts were collected on day 8 with or without a single injection of 25 ng estradiol-17 beta on day 7 that activates blastocyst metabolisms (activated blastocysts and delayed-implanting blastocysts respectively). DNA synthesis was determined by measuring [3H]thymidine incorporation by blastocysts. DIAP170K at 10 micrograms/m/ suppressed resumption of DNA synthesis by delayed-implanting blastocysts and suppression was maximal at 50 micrograms/m/. However, DIAP170K did not affect DNA synthesis by blastocysts obtained on day 5 of pregnancy (normal blastocysts) and activated blastocysts. Resumption of DNA synthesis in the inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm from delayed-implanting blastocysts was then separately assessed. DNA synthesis resumed in the trophectoderm of intact blastocysts during 24-hr culture but not in the trophectoderm cultured apart from the ICM. DIAP170K inhibited the resumption of DNA synthesis by the trophectoderm of intact delayed-implanting blastocysts but did not affect DNA synthesis by the ICM. In conclusion, DIAP170K inhibits resumption of DNA synthesis by trophectoderm of delayed-implanting blastocysts. This action of DIAP170K may play a central role in maintaining, but not achieving, dormancy of DNA synthesis by delayed-implanting blastocysts in mice.

PMID:
9713804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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