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J Biol Chem. 1998 Aug 28;273(35):22761-7.

A phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase pleckstrin homology domain that binds phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate.

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1
Botany Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA.

Abstract

Pleckstrin homology (PH) domains are found in many proteins involved in signal transduction, including the family of large molecular mass phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4-kinases. Although the exact function of these newly discovered domains is unknown, it is recognized that they may influence enzyme regulation by binding different ligands. In this study, the recombinant PI 4-kinase PH domain was explored for its ability to bind to different phospholipids. First, we isolated partial cDNAs of the >7-kilobase transcripts of PI 4-kinases from carrot (DcPI4Kalpha) and Arabidopsis (AtPI4Kalpha). The deduced primary sequences were 41% identical and 68% similar to rat and human PI 4-kinases and contained the telltale lipid kinase unique domain, PH domain, and catalytic domain. Antibodies raised against the expressed lipid kinase unique, PH, and catalytic domains identified a polypeptide of 205 kDa in Arabidopsis microsomes and an F-actin-enriched fraction from carrot cells. The 205-kDa immunoaffinity-purified Arabidopsis protein had PI 4-kinase activity. We have used the expressed PH domain to characterize lipid binding properties. The recombinant PH domain selectively bound to phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate (PI-4-P), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI-4,5-P2), and phosphatidic acid and did not bind to the 3-phosphoinositides. The PH domain had the highest affinity for PI-4-P, the product of the reaction. Consideration is given to the potential impact that this has on cytoskeletal organization and the PI signaling pathway in cells that have a high PI-4-P/PI-4,5-P2 ratio.

PMID:
9712908
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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