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J Biol Chem. 1998 Aug 28;273(35):22224-31.

S100A13 is involved in the regulation of fibroblast growth factor-1 and p40 synaptotagmin-1 release in vitro.

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Center for Molecular Medicine, Maine Medical Center Research Institute, South Portland, Maine 04106, USA.


We have previously characterized the release of the signal peptide sequence-less fibroblast growth factor (FGF) prototype, FGF-1, in vitro as a stress-induced pathway in which FGF-1 is released as a latent homodimer with the p40 extravesicular domain of p65 synaptotagmin (Syn)-1. To determine the biologic relevance of the FGF-1 release pathway in vivo, we sought to resolve and characterize from ovine brain a purified fraction that contained both FGF-1 and p40 Syn-1 and report that the brain-derived FGF-1:p40 Syn-1 aggregate is associated with the calcium-binding protein, S100A13. Since S100A13 binds the anti-inflammatory compound amlexanox and FGF-1 is involved in inflammation, we examined the effects of amlexanox on the release of FGF-1 and p40 Syn-1 in response to stress in vitro. We report that while amlexanox was able to repress the heat shock-induced release of FGF-1 and p40 Syn-1 in a concentration-dependent manner, it had no effect on the constitutive release of p40 Syn-1 from p40 Syn-1 NIH 3T3 cell transfectants. These data suggest the following: (i) FGF-1 is associated with Syn-1 and S100A13 in vivo; (ii) S100A13 may be involved in the regulation of FGF-1 and p40 Syn-1 release in response to temperature stress in vitro; and (iii) the FGF-1 release pathway may be accessible to pharmacologic regulation.

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