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Clin Genet. 1998 Jun;53(6):490-6.

Prenatal identification of de novo marker chromosomes using micro-FISH approach.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine, New York 14642, USA.


Chromosome microdissection combined with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse chromosome painting ('micro-FISH') is a powerful technique for the unequivocal identification of complex or subtle chromosomal aberrations. We have applied this technique to the prenatal diagnosis of three fetuses with de novo marker chromosomes. One small supernumerary satellited marker chromosome was shown to have originated from the fusion of the centromeric heterochromatin of one or both of chromosomes 14 and 22. The second marker was identified as i(9)(p10) while the third marker chromosome was shown to have been derived from the 1p13.1-1q21.3 region. At birth, the clinical outcome correlated well with that expected from the prenatal cytogenetic findings. Our study highlights the importance of the application of 'micro-FISH' to prenatal diagnosis.

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