Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1998 Aug 15;161(4):1891-900.

IL-4 protects adult C57BL/6 mice from prolonged Cryptosporidium parvum infection: analysis of CD4+alpha beta+IFN-gamma+ and CD4+alpha beta+IL-4+ lymphocytes in gut-associated lymphoid tissue during resolution of infection.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164, USA. saa@leland.stanford.edu

Abstract

Resistance of adult C57BL/6 mice to severe Cryptosporidium parvum infection is dependent on CD4+alpha beta+ TCR lymphocytes. In this study, we demonstrated that treatment with anti-IFN-gamma mAb extended oocyst excretion 18 days longer, and anti-IL-4 mAb extended oocyst excretion at least 11 days longer than isotype control mAb treatment. Analysis of the specific activity of anti-IFN-gamma mAb present in treated mouse sera suggested that IFN-gamma may have a limited role in the resolution phase of infection. Changes were also documented in numbers of CD4+alpha beta+IFN-gamma+ and CD4+alpha beta+IL-4+ lymphocytes in Peyer's patches and intraepithelium of adult C57BL/6 mice during resolution of C. parvum infection. Resistance to initial severe infection was associated with CD4+alpha beta+IFN-gamma+ lymphocytes, and eventual resolution of infection was associated with CD4+alpha beta+IL-4+ lymphocytes. Analysis of cytokine expression following in vitro stimulation with C. parvum Ags during resolution of infection demonstrated consistent increases in CD4+alpha beta+IL-4+ lymphocytes, but not CD4+alpha beta+IFN-gamma+ lymphocytes. The relevance of CD4+alpha beta+IL-4+ lymphocytes in protection against C. parvum was then evaluated in C57BL/6 IL-4 gene knockout mice (IL-4(-/-)). Adult IL-4(-/-) mice excreted oocysts in feces approximately 23 days longer than IL-4(+/+) mice. Further, anti-IFN-gamma mAb treatment increased the severity and the duration of infection in IL-4(-/-) mice compared with those in IL-4(+/+) mice. Together, the data demonstrated that IFN-gamma was important in the control of severity of infection, and either IFN-gamma or IL-4 accelerated termination of infection. However, neither IL-4 nor IFN-gamma was required for the final clearance of infection from the intestinal tract of adult mice.

PMID:
9712058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center