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J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1998 Jun;51(6):570-8.

Cloning and heterologous expression of blasticidin S biosynthetic genes from Streptomyces griseochromogenes.

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Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA.


Two small chromosomal DNA fragments (2.6 and 4.8 kb) from the blasticidin S producer Streptomyces griseochromogenes were cloned in the high copy number vector pIJ702 and shown to confer increased resistance to blasticidin S upon S. lividans TK24. These fragments were used to screen a library of S. griseochromogenes DNA prepared in the cosmid shuttle vector pOJ446. Cosmids containing DNA inserts of at least 23 kb were identified which hybridized to one or the other resistance fragment, but not to both. Transformation of S. lividans TK24 with several cosmids hybridizing with the 4.8 kb resistance fragment resulted in clones that produced cytosylglucuronic acid, the first intermediate of the blasticidin S biosynthetic pathway, and other blasticidin-related metabolites. A strain of S. lividans TK24 harboring both the 4.8 kb-hybridizing cosmid and the 2.6 kb resistance fragment cloned in pIJ702 produced 12.5 times as much demethylblasticidin S as the transformant harboring the cosmid alone.

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