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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Aug;79(8):1018-21.

Bilateral femoral neuropathy after vaginal hysterectomy.

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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


A case of bilateral femoral neuropathy as a complication of vaginal hysterectomy is presented. A 45-year-old woman developed weakness of both quadriceps, absence of bilateral knee jerks, and numbness over bilateral anteromedial thighs and medial lower legs after a vaginal hysterectomy. Electromyographic examination revealed evidence of denervation in the bilateral quadriceps. A nerve conduction study showed prolonged distal latencies and markedly reduced amplitude of the compound muscle action potentials in bilateral femoral nerves. It is suggested that this complication is caused by a microvascular and/or local mechanical injury of the femoral nerve, which is compressed beneath the tough inguinal ligament in a sustained posture with the hip joint in an extreme abduction and external rotation position. The prognosis was excellent with almost complete recovery within 10 weeks. The complication may be preventable by minimizing operating time, changing the patient's posture, and limiting the degree of flexion, abduction, and external rotation of the hip.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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