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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Aug;83(8):2699-705.

The effect of a pure antiandrogen receptor blocker, flutamide, on the lipid profile in the polycystic ovary syndrome.

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1
Laiko Hospital, First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies affecting women of reproductive age; it is associated with hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, and dyslipidemia. This study was designed to assess the long term effects of a pure androgen receptor blocker, flutamide, on the lipid profile in women with PCOS and to examine the possible mechanisms by which androgens may exert their influence. Seventeen women with PCOS (10 obese and 7 lean) were studied. All subjects received a 12-week course of oral flutamide (500 mg/day). The baseline and posttreatment evaluations included lipid profile, androgen levels, insulin sensitivity, and serum catecholamine determinations. The primary outcome was the change in the ratio of low density lipoproteins (LDL) to high density lipoproteins (HDL). Treatment with flutamide was associated with a significant decrease in the LDL/HDL ratio by 23% (P = 0.005), in total cholesterol by 18% (P < 0.0001), in LDL by 13% (P = 0.002), and in triglycerides by 23% (P = 0.002). Flutamide treatment was also associated with a trend toward an increase in HDL (by 14%; P = 0.14). The effects on lipid profile were found regardless of obesity and were not associated with a change in weight. Furthermore, actions of flutamide on lipid metabolism were not associated with significant changes in circulating adrenaline or noradrenaline, glucose metabolism, or insulin sensitivity. This report has demonstrated for the first time that treatment with the pure antiandrogen, flutamide, may improve the lipid profile and that this effect may be due to direct inhibition of androgenic actions.

PMID:
9709934
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.83.8.5041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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