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Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Aug;27(2):265-9.

Infections associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillators placed transvenously and via thoracotomies: epidemiology, infection control, and management.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA.

Abstract

In 1993, the incidence of infection associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) excluding generator, lead, and patch placements was 16.7% at our institution. Eighty-eight percent of the ICD implantations were two-staged procedures: the cardiologists performed the electrophysiologic studies in their laboratories, and implantations were performed in the operating rooms a few hours to a few days later by cardiothoracic surgeons. In 1994, both the electrophysiologic studies and ICD implantations were performed in the operating rooms without waiting periods. From 1993 to 1995, the proportion of ICDs placed transvenously increased from 56% to 100%, whereas the proportion of two-staged ICD placements decreased from 88% to zero. From 1992 to 1993 the infection rate decreased concomitantly from 16.7% to zero. From 1992 through 1995, the infection rate for implantable ICDs alone was 4.8%, and the overall infection rate for implantable ICDs (including generator, lead, and patch placements) was 6.9%, comparable to the rate reported in the literature (2.2% to 7.2%). The elimination of the two-stage procedure and the increased proportion of transvenously placed ICDs has contributed to the decrease in infection rate.

PMID:
9709875
DOI:
10.1086/514673
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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