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J Food Prot. 1998 Jun;61(6):677-82.

Prevalence of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in groups of swine at slaughter.

Author information

1
Departments of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign 61801, USA. Julie_Funk@ncsu.edu

Abstract

In order to estimate the prevalence of swine herds infected with pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica, 103 lots of market swine were randomly selected at slaughter during six 1-month intervals. Pigs within each lot were sampled by swabbing the oral-pharyngeal surface, poststunning and postexsanguination but prescalding. Ninety-five lots (92.2%) contained at least one pig infected with Y. enterocolitica. Pathogenic strains were defined as those harboring the ail gene which has been identified in Y. enterocolitica that causes human clinical disease. Identification of those strains harboring the ail gene was accomplished using a polymerase chain reaction technique. Twenty-nine lots (28.2%) contained at least one pig from which ail-containing (pathogenic) Y. enterocolitica were isolated. Of the 107 pathogenic Y. enterocolitica isolates identified, 89.7% were serotype O:5 and 3.7% were serotype O:3. The results from this study will aid in the design of future epidemiological investigations concerning on-farm prevalence and associated risk factors for pathogenic Y. enterocolitica. Additionally, the results support the hypothesis that swine are a significant potential reservoir for human infections by Y. enterocolitica.

PMID:
9709248
DOI:
10.4315/0362-028x-61.6.677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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