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Am J Surg Pathol. 1998 Aug;22(8):1026-32.

Intraabdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor with EWS/ERG fusion transcript.

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Department of Pathology, IDIBAPS Hospital Clínic, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.


This report describes an intraabdominal small cell tumor in a 37-year-old woman, with clinical, topographic, and morphologic features highly suggestive of the desmoplastic small round cell tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a polyphenotypic profile consistent with this tumor--positivity for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, neuron-specific enolase, vimentin, and desmin--but, in addition, a strong membranous immunoreactivity for CD99 (MIC2 protein). Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction revealed a EWS/ERG fusion transcript characteristic of the Ewing's sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor group of tumors, rather than the EWS/WT1 chimeric transcript typical of the desmoplastic small round cell tumor. This is the third report of a hybrid tumor with features of the desmoplastic small round cell tumor and Ewing's sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor, and the first one with the EWS/ERG fusion gene. Our case shows the existence of some overlap between these two groups of tumors, which are considered to be histogenetically different, and the need for further studies of molecular characterization of small cell tumors, especially in those with atypical morphologic or immunohistochemical features.

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