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Can J Cardiol. 1998 Jul;14(7):937-41.

The synergistic effects of vitamin E and selenium in iron-overloaded mouse hearts.

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1
Centre For Cardiovascular Research, Toronto Hospital, Ontario.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether supplementation with vitamin E and selenium can improve myocardial antioxidant defenses in iron-overloaded mouse hearts.

INTERVENTIONS:

Iron-overload state was created in B6D2F1 mice (n = 20) by daily injection of iron dextran (5 mg intraperitoneally/mouse) for four weeks. The mice were also simultaneously randomly assigned to receive vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol acetate, 40 mg intraperitoneally, n = 5), selenium (sodium selenite, 1 part/million orally, n = 5), both (vitamin E + selenium, n = 5) or iron-only treatment (n = 5). The hearts were harvested for determination of selenium concentration and glutathione peroxidase activity. In a subsequent study, 15 B6D2F1 mice were randomly assigned to receive daily injections of iron (n = 5) or iron and combined antioxidant treatment (vitamin E + selenium, n = 5), or to serve as controls (n = 5) for four weeks. The hearts were harvested for determination of total iron concentrations.

MAIN RESULTS:

Significantly greater concentrations of heart selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity were observed in groups supplemented with both agents, as opposed to iron-only treated or single supplemented mice. Significantly lower concentrations of iron were found in controls and in those receiving combined iron and antioxidant treatment (vitamin E + selenium) than in iron-only treated mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vitamin E and selenium function synergistically in the myocardium to provide important antioxidant defenses in iron-overload states, including increased concentrations of selenium, increased glutathione peroxidase activity and decreased concentrations of iron.

PMID:
9706279
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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