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J Neurophysiol. 1998 Aug;80(2):989-93.

Requirement of protein synthesis for group I mGluR-mediated induction of epileptiform discharges.

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Department of Neurology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.


Picrotoxin (50 microM) elicited rhythmic synchronized bursting in CA3 pyramidal cells in guinea pig hippocampal slices. Addition of the selective group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (25 microM) elicited an increase in burst frequency. This was soon followed by a slowly progressive increase in burst duration (BD), converting the brief 250-520 ms picrotoxin-induced synchronized bursts into prolonged discharges of 1-5 s in duration. BD was significantly increased within 60 min and reached a maximum after 2-2.5 h of agonist exposure. The protein synthesis inhibitors anisomycin (15 microM) or cycloheximide (25 microM) significantly impeded the mGluR-mediated development of the prolonged bursts; 90-120 min of agonist application failed to elicit the expected burst prolongation. By contrast, the mGluR-mediated enhancement of burst frequency progressed unimpeded. Furthermore, protein synthesis inhibitors had no significant effect on the frequency or duration of fully developed mGluR-induced prolonged discharges. These results suggest that the group I mGluR-mediated prolongation of synchronized bursts has a protein synthesis-dependent mechanism.

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