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Microb Pathog. 1998 Jul;25(1):43-54.

Characterization of mouse lines transgenic with the human poliovirus receptor gene.

Author information

1
Viral Vaccine Research, Wyeth-Lederle Vaccines and Pediatrics, Pearl River, New York 10965, USA.

Abstract

Two mouse lines transgenic with the human poliovirus receptor gene (PVR), TGM-PRG-1 and TGM-PRG-3, were characterized to determine whether transgene copy number and PVR expression levels influence susceptibility to poliovirus. The mouse lines have been bred for more than 10 generations and the transgene was stably transmitted to progeny as determined by Southern blot hybridization and restriction fragment length polymorphism. The transgene copy number is 10 in the TGM-PRG-3 mouse line and one in the TGM-PRG-1 mouse line. Abundance of PVR RNA is on average three-fold higher in TGM-PRG-3 relative to TGM-PRG-1 tissues, and the abundance of the receptor molecule is three-fold higher in TGM-PRG-3 central nervous system tissues compared to TGM-PRG-1 tissues as determined by Western blot analysis. When TGM-PRG-1 and TGM-PRG-3 mice were inoculated intracranially with a neurovirulent type III poliovirus strain, they developed clinical symptoms and CNS lesions characteristic of human poliomyelitis. These results indicate that the PVR gene is expressed as a functional receptor in the CNS of both mouse lines rendering the mice susceptible to poliovirus infection. Even though the two mouse lines have different copy numbers of the transgene and different levels of PVR RNA and protein, they are similar in their susceptibility to poliovirus.

PMID:
9705248
DOI:
10.1006/mpat.1998.0212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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