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Oncogene. 1998 Aug 6;17(5):631-41.

Differential patterns of cell cycle regulatory proteins expression in transgenic models of thyroid tumours.

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IRIBHN, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Erasme, Belgium.


Cell cycle proteins regulate the transitions from G1 to S and G2 to M phases. In higher eukaryotes, their function is controlled by intracellular cascades regulated by extracellular growth factors. We have studied in previously described transgenic mouse models for thyroid proliferative diseases the expression of the key proteins regulating the cell cycle by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry, and have correlated the observations with the known actions of the transgenes on the signal transduction cascades. In the adenosine A2a receptor model, the cyclic AMP pathway, upstream of the Rb family cell division block, is constitutively activated. In the model expressing HPV 16 E7 protein, the Rb-like proteins are inhibited. Cyclin-dependent kinases cdk4, cdk2 and cdc2, and the associated cyclins D, E and A have been studied. Cyclin D3 appears as the major cyclin D subtype expressed in mouse thyroid epithelial cells in normal and transgenic mice. In the adenosine A2aR model, all cell cycle proteins tested were accumulated. In the E7 model, all cell cycle proteins except for D-type cyclins and cdk4 were also accumulated. A similar pattern was observed in thyroids coexpressing both transgenes, suggesting a dominant effect of E7 over the consequences of the cAMP cascade activation. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21cip1/waf1 and p27kip1 were not downregulated in these proliferating thyroids which suggest other roles than the inhibition of the cell cycle progression.

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