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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 1998 Mar;45(2):113-36.

Collagen--biomaterial for drug delivery.

Author information

1
University of Erlangen, Germany. wfriess@pharmtech.uni-erlangen.de

Abstract

The use of collagen as a biomaterial is currently undergoing a renaissance in the tissue engineering field. The biotechnological applications focus on the aspects of cellular growth or delivery of proteins capable of stimulating cellular response. However, basic knowledge about collagen biochemistry and the processing technology in combination with understanding of the physico-chemical properties is necessary for an adequate application of collagen for carrier systems. The purpose of this review article is to summarize information available on collagen dosage forms for drug delivery as well as to impart an overview of the chemical structures and the galenical properties including detailed description of the processing steps - extraction, purification, chemical crosslinking and sterilization. The most successful and stimulating applications are shields in ophthalmology, injectable dispersions for local tumor treatment, sponges carrying antibiotics and minipellets loaded with protein drugs. However, the scientific information about manipulating release properties or mechanistic studies is not as abundant as for some synthetic polymers.

PMID:
9704909
DOI:
10.1016/s0939-6411(98)00017-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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