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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Jul;179(1):172-8.

Is amniotic fluid analysis the key to preterm labor? A model using interleukin-6 for predicting rapid delivery.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to create a model for predicting amnionitis and rapid delivery in preterm labor patients by use of amniotic fluid interleukin-6 and clinical parameters.

STUDY DESIGN:

Amniotic fluid was cultured and analyzed, and a clinical score (incorporating gestational age, amniotic fluid Gram stain, glucose, leukocyte esterase, and maternal serum C-reactive protein) was determined in 111 patients diagnosed with preterm labor. Statistical analysis involved t tests, chi2, logarithmic regression, and multivariate regression analysis (P < or = .05).

RESULTS:

The incidence of positive amniotic fluid cultures was 8.7% (9 of 103 patients). Patients with positive cultures of the amniotic fluid had a shorter delivery interval (4.8 +/- 7.5 vs 28.9 +/- 25.4 days, P < .001). Patients with elevated amniotic fluid interleukin-6 (> or = 7586 pg/ml) were more likely to have a positive amniotic fluid culture (relative risk = 8.8, 95% confidence interval = 1.6 to 47.4, P < .001) and to be delivered within 2 days (relative risk = 16.8, 95% confidence interval = 4.5 to 62.7, P < .001). Stepwise multivariate regression analysis yielded a model using interleukin-6, cervical dilatation, and gestational age (r2 = 0.63, P < .001) with a specificity of 100% for predicting delivery within 2 days of amniocentesis.

CONCLUSIONS:

A mathematical model using maternal amniotic fluid interleukin-6 seems to be a useful clinical tool for quantifying the interval to preterm birth for patients in preterm labor.

PMID:
9704784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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