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Endocrine. 1998 Apr;8(2):201-9.

Coupling of the PTH/PTHrP receptor to multiple G-proteins. Direct demonstration of receptor activation of Gs, Gq/11, and Gi(1) by [alpha-32P]GTP-gamma-azidoanilide photoaffinity labeling.

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Division of Endocrinology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


Parathyroid hormone (PTH) elicits many of its physiological effects by activating distinct, G-protein-coupled signaling cascades that lead to synthesis of cyclic AMP and hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Using the nonhydrolyzable photo-reactive GTP analog [alpha-32P]GTP-gamma-azidoanilide (GTP-AA) and peptide antisera raised against G-protein alpha-subunits, we studied coupling of the PTH receptor to G-proteins in rat osteoblast-like cells (ROS 17/2.8), and in human embryonal kidney cells expressing the cloned human PTH/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor at 40,000 receptors/cell (C20) or 400,000 receptors/cell (C21). Incubation of C21 membranes (but not C20 membranes) with [Nle8,18, Tyr34]-bovine PTH(1-34) amide (bPTH[1-34]) led to concentration-dependent incorporation of GTP-AA into the two isoforms of G alpha s, into G alpha q/11, and to a much lesser extent into G alpha i(1). In ROS 17/2.8 cells, bPTH(1-34) increased the incorporation of GTP-AA into G alpha s, but not into G alpha q/11 or G alpha i. The ability of bPTH(1-34) to increase labeling of G alpha s and G alpha q/11 was correlated with the receptor-dependent sensitivity of the adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C signaling pathways to the hormone.

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