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Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1998 Spring;36(2):91-109.

The laryngeal mask airway in emergency medicine, neonatal resuscitation, and intensive care medicine.

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Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Nambour General Hospital, Australia.


In assessing the potential role of the LMA outside the operating room, the risks of a less secure airway must be balanced against the benefits of ease of training, success and speed of insertion, no need for direct visualization of laryngeal structures, and lesser need for ancillary equipment. The LMA has a role as an alternative to FMV in CPR when personnel skilled in tracheal intubation are not available. When skilled intubators are present, it has an important role as an alternative airway when intubation has been impossible. These roles extend to the prehospital setting, with an additional specific indication for its use when access to a patient is limited making tracheal intubation impossible. The LMA is incorporated into advanced life support training and as such should be regarded as a device providing temporary airway support, rather than a replacement for a tracheal tube. The LMA, and possibly also the ILM, should be standard equipment carried by prehospital trauma teams and by all those attending victims in the field.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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