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Mol Cell. 1998 Jul;2(1):23-32.

Nucleotide-dependent prereplicative complex assembly by Cdc6p, a homolog of eukaryotic and prokaryotic clamp-loaders.

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Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Clare Hall Laboratories, South Mimms, United Kingdom.


Expression of the Cdc6 protein (Cdc6p) is essential for formation of prereplicative complexes at budding yeast replication origins. Analysis of mutations in the conserved nucleoside triphosphate (NTP)-binding site of Cdc6p described here suggests that NTPs are required both for the productive interaction of Cdc6p with replication origins during G1 and the quantitative loading of the Mcm2-7 family of proteins onto chromatin. We show that Cdc6p exhibits significant sequence similarity to subunits of eukaryotic and prokaryotic clamp-loaders, which load ring-shaped DNA polymerase processivity factors onto DNA in an analogous reaction. Similarities in both sequence and mechanism suggest that Cdc6p and the clamp-loaders are members of a superfamily of nucleotide-dependent loading factors.

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