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Plant Physiol. 1998 Aug;117(4):1401-10.

The boron requirement and cell wall properties of growing and stationary suspension-cultured chenopodium album L. cells

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Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultat I, Institut fur Biologie, Invalidenstrasse 42, 10115 Berlin, Germany.


Suspension-cultured Chenopodium album L. cells are capable of continuous, long-term growth on a boron-deficient medium. Compared with cultures grown with boron, these cultures contained more enlarged and detached cells, had increased turbidity due to the rupture of a small number of cells, and contained cells with an increased cell wall pore size. These characteristics were reversed by the addition of boric acid (>/=7 &mgr;M) to the boron-deficient cells. C. album cells grown in the presence of 100 &mgr;M boric acid entered the stationary phase when they were not subcultured, and remained viable for at least 3 weeks. The transition from the growth phase to the stationary phase was accompanied by a decrease in the wall pore size. Cells grown without boric acid or with 7 &mgr;M boric acid were not able to reduce their wall pore size at the transition to the stationary phase. These cells could not be kept viable in the stationary phase, because they continued to expand and died as a result of wall rupture. The addition of 100 &mgr;M boric acid prevented wall rupture and the wall pore size was reduced to normal values. We conclude that boron is required to maintain the normal pore structure of the wall matrix and to mechanically stabilize the wall at growth termination.

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