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Bone. 1998 Aug;23(2):147-53.

Effects of exercise training and etidronate treatment on bone mineral density and trabecular bone in ovariectomized rats.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Kanoya, Japan.


This study was designed to assess the effects of exercise training (Tr) following an etidronate treatment (E) on bone mineral density (BMD) of the femur and trabecular bone of the tibia in ovariectomized (ovx) rats. Female Wistar rats were ovariectomized (ovx) or sham-operated (sham) at 15 weeks of age and divided into five experimental groups: sham; ovx; ovx + E; ovx + Tr; ovx + E + Tr. Etidronate treatment of 5 mg/kg, 5 days/week was administered for 2 weeks and exercised on a treadmill for 30 m/min, 60 min/day, 5 days/week for 10 weeks. BMD of the femur and the trabecular bone area of the proximal tibia were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in E and/or Tr compared to ovx groups. However, the cortical region was not affected significantly by ovariectomy. The area partially filled with the trabecular bone at the constant width was observed only in the E rats. The number of osteoclasts in E group was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than in the ovx and ovx + Tr groups. The ovx + Tr rats had a higher number of osteoblasts (p < 0.05) than the ovx and ovx + E groups. There was a significant interaction between ovx + Tr and ovx + E on BMD in the proximal region of the femur (p < 0.05) and trabecular bone area of the tibia (p < 0.001). These results suggest that the etidronate treatment for 2 weeks beforehand influenced the effects of subsequent exercise training on maintaining the BMD in the proximal femur and the trabecular bone area of the tibia.

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