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J Med Virol. 1998 Sep;56(1):44-51.

Isolation of a GB virus-related genome from a chimpanzee.

Author information

1
Virus Discovery Group, Experimental Biology Research, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Abstract

Recently, two new flaviviruses, GB virus A (GBV-A) and GB virus B (GBV-B), were identified in the plasma of a tamarin infected with the hepatitis GB agent. A third virus, GB virus C (GBV-C), was subsequently identified in humans. In the current study, representational difference analysis (RDA) was used to search for a new virus in the serum of a chimpanzee that developed acute resolving hepatitis following inoculation with a pool of chimpanzee plasma. The plasma pool originated from serial passages of a human sample containing virus-like particles. Numerous cDNA clones were obtained that exhibited 62-80% identity with GBV-C. With the exception of the extreme 5' and 3' ends, the complete viral genome was sequenced, revealing a single large open reading frame encoding a 2833 amino acid polyprotein that contains two envelope proteins, two proteases, a helicase, and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Phylogenetic analysis of the new virus indicates that it is closely related to GBV-C, yet still sufficiently divergent as to be placed in a separate group, tentatively labeled GB virus Ctroglodytes (GBV-Ctro). Numerous human samples were screened by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), but GBV-Ctro sequence was not detected. However, a second chimpanzee inoculated with the same plasma pool was shown to develop a GBV-Ctro infection. Although isolated from an Old World primate with hepatitis, the primary host of GBV-Ctro and any association with disease remains to be determined.

PMID:
9700632
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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