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J Dent. 1998 Jul-Aug;26(5-6):409-16.

Pulp reactions to restoration of experimentally induced crown fractures.

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Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Göteborg University, Sweden.



Reattachment of the avulsed enamel-dentine coronal fragment to the remaining tooth structure has become an accepted clinical alternative to a resin composite build-up for the restoration of crown fractured teeth. Since little knowledge exists as to the pulpal response to this procedure, this study was designed to observe the condition of the pulp following experimentally induced crown fracture and restoration in monkeys.


Experiments were conducted in eight young green Vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). In all, 64 fractured incisors were investigated. Light microscopic examination of pulp tissue specimens was carried out after 3 months of observation.


The evaluation was restricted to specimens having a fracture plane within 2 mm of the pulp and no pulpal exposure. In general, pulp tissue was well preserved irrespective of the restorative procedure. Even if the restoration or the bonded tooth fragment had been lost during the follow-up period, the pulp generally remained in good condition. Inflammatory infiltrates where seen in only a few specimens and then as clusters of mononuclear leukocytes. Hard tissue repair was frequently observed and displayed various configurations from isolated hard tissue deposits to areas of extensive hard tissue repair in the coronal portion of the pulp. Pronounced hard tissue repair and occurrence of inflammatory cell infiltrates correlated with the presence of stainable bacteria on the fractured dentine surface.


In the absence of direct exposure, reparative dentine is a frequent feature of the pulp's response to crown fracture and restoration with composite or reattachment of the crown fragment with dentine bonding. These restorative procedures appear to ensure continued function of the underlying pulp.

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