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Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1998 Mar-Apr;93(2):171-4.

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in a rural area of the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

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Departmento de Clinica Médica, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.


The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection was evaluated by ELISA in 40 children and teenagers and in 164 adults from a rural area of the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Antibodies to H. pylori were detected in the serum of 31 (77.5%0 children and teenagers and in 139 (84.7%) adults. The prevalence of infection increased with age (x2 for trend, p < 0.01) even though no variations occurred in the region in the present century in terms of living conditions or sanitation, economical development and migratory influx supporting the hypothesis that the infection is also acquired during later life in developing countries. An inverse correlation was observed between the prevalence of infection and annual family income (x2 for trend, p < 0.013). There was no correlation between type of system for sewage disposal and prevalence of infection (p = 0.8). In conclusion, the prevalence of H. pylori infection in Nossa Senhora do Livramento, a rural area from Brazil, is very high and similar to that observed in other developing countries. Furthermore, the increase in the prevalence of infection with age observed in this population seems to be due to both, cohort effect and acquisition of the infection during later life.

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