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Biochemistry. 1998 Aug 11;37(32):11193-201.

Identification of a glycosaminoglycan binding surface on human interleukin-8.

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Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, United Kingdom.


The activation of leukocytes by chemokines is believed to be mediated via binding of chemokines to glycosaminoglycan chains of the extracellular matrix. The binding site on the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) for the glycosaminoglycan heparin has been characterized using a systematic series of site-directed mutants of IL-8 in which the basic residues of the protein have been replaced by alanine. Mutation of K64 and R68 caused the largest decrease in affinity for a heparin Sepharose matrix, with smaller effects seen with mutations of K20, R60, and K67. Heparin-derived disaccharides that could disrupt the IL-8-heparin Sepharose interaction were identified by a competitive binding assay. Heteronuclear NMR spectroscopic titration of 15N-labeled IL-8 with a trisulfated disaccharide revealed a cluster of residues on IL-8 which were perturbed by disaccharide binding. These data identify a heparin-binding surface on IL-8 that includes the C-terminal alpha-helix and the proximal loop around residues 18-23. The heparin-binding site is spatially distinct from the residues involved in receptor binding.

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