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Life Sci. 1998;63(4):265-74.

Cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor rolipram and RO-20-1724 promoted apoptosis in HL60 promyelocytic leukemic cells via cyclic AMP-independent mechanism.

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The Sol Sherry Thrombosis Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.


Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are responsible for the hydrolysis of cAMP and cGMP which act as intracellular second messengers in a variety of cellular functions. In this paper we report that PDE3 and PDE4 were two dominant classes of PDEs expressed in HL60 cells. The influence of specific PDE inhibitors on apoptosis in HL60 cells was studied. The non-specific inhibitor IBMX and PDE3 specific inhibitors (milrinone and trequinsin) did not promote apoptosis. They inhibited apoptosis induced by paclitaxel or thapsigargin. However, PDE4 specific inhibitors (rolipram and RO-20-1724) promoted apoptosis within 5 h. In HL60 cells, other cAMP-eliciting reagents (8-bromo-cAMP, Sp-cAMP and forskolin) also inhibited apoptosis, while cell-permeable cGMP analogs did not affect apoptosis. Therefore, IBMX and PDE3 specific inhibitors may prevent HL60 cells from apoptosis by increasing intracellular cAMP. However, apoptosis induced by PDE4 specific inhibitors is not likely due to increased cAMP level. These results suggest that rolipram and RO-20-1724 promoted apoptosis in HL60 cells through cAMP-independent mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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