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Immunity. 1998 Jul;9(1):25-34.

Tumor cell responses to IFNgamma affect tumorigenicity and response to IL-12 therapy and antiangiogenesis.

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1
Biomedical Graduate Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.

Abstract

Expression of a dominant negative mutant IFNgammaR1 in murine SCK and K1735 tumor cells rendered them relatively unresponsive to IFNgamma in vitro and more tumorigenic and less responsive to IL-12 therapy in vivo. IL-12 induced histologic evidence of ischemic damage only in IFNgamma-responsive tumors, and in vivo Matrigel vascularization assays revealed that while IFNgamma-responsive and -unresponsive tumor cells induced angiogenesis equally well, IL-12 and its downstream mediator IFNgamma only inhibited angiogenesis induced by the responsive cells. IL-12 induced angiogenesis inhibitory activity in the responsive cells, which may be attributable to production of the chemokine IP-10. Thus, IL-12 and IFNgamma inhibit tumor growth by inducing tumor cells to generate antiangiogenic activity.

PMID:
9697833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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