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Cell. 1998 Jul 24;94(2):239-49.

Human TAF(II)28 and TAF(II)18 interact through a histone fold encoded by atypical evolutionary conserved motifs also found in the SPT3 family.

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Institut de Génétique et de Biologie, Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, Illkirch, C.U. de Strasbourg, France.


Determination of the crystal structure of the human TBP-associated factor (hTAF(II))28/hTAF(II)18 heterodimer shows that these TAF(II)s form a novel histone-like pair in the TFIID complex. The histone folds in hTAF(II)28 and hTAF(II)18 were not predicted from their primary sequence, indicating that these TAF(II)s define a novel family of atypical histone fold sequences. The TAF(II)18 and TAF(II)28 histone fold motifs are also present in the N- and C-terminal regions of the SPT3 proteins, suggesting that the histone fold in SPT3 may be reconstituted by intramolecular rather than classical intermolecular interactions. The existence of additional histone-like pairs in both the TFIID and SAGA complexes shows that the histone fold is a more commonly used motif for mediating TAF-TAF interactions than previously believed.

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