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Genes Dev. 1998 Aug 1;12(15):2278-92.

Inhibition of DNA synthesis by RB: effects on G1/S transition and S-phase progression.

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Department of Biology, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California 92093-0322 USA.


The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein, RB, is a negative regulator of cell proliferation. Growth inhibitory activity of RB is attenuated by phosphorylation. Mutation of a combination of phosphorylation sites leads to a constitutively active RB. In Rat-1 cells, the phosphorylation-site-mutated (PSM)-RB, but not wild-type RB, can inhibit S-phase entry. In PSM-RB-arrested G1 cells, normal levels of cyclin E and cyclin E-associated kinase activity were detected, but the expression of cyclin A was inhibited. The ectopic expression of cyclin E restored cyclin A expression and drove the PSM-RB expressing cells into S phase. Interestingly, Rat-1 cells coexpressing cyclin E and PSM-RB could not complete DNA replication. Microinjection of cells that have passed through the G1 restriction point with plasmids expressing PSM-RB also led to the inhibition of DNA synthesis. The S-phase inhibitory activity of PSM-RB could be attenuated by the coinjection of SV40 T-antigen, adenovirus E1A, or a high level of E2F-1 expression plasmids. However, the S-phase inhibitory activity of PSM-RB could not be overcome by the coinjection of cyclin E or cyclin A expression plasmids. These results reveal a novel role for RB in the inhibition of S-phase progression that is distinct from the inhibition of the G1/S transition, and suggest that continued phosphorylation of RB beyond G1/S is required for the completion of DNA replication.

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