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Neuroreport. 1998 Jul 13;9(10):2265-7.

Endomorphins have orexigenic and anxiolytic activities in mice.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.


This study was designed to investigate the effects of endomorphin 1 and 2, recently identified mu-opioid receptor selective peptides, on food intake and anxiety in non-food-deprived mice. The intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of either endomorphin 1 or 2 (0.03-30 nmol) increased food intake in a dose-related manner. A significant increase was observed 20 min after i.c.v. injection of endomorphin 1 or 2 and continued for 4 h. In the elevated plus maze test, the i.c.v. injection of endomorphin 1 (30 nmol) significantly decreased the normal preference for the closed arms. These results suggest that endomorphin produces orexigenic and anxiolytic effects, and that the mu-opioid receptor contributes to the regulation of feeding and anxiety in mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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