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J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jul;33(7):1081-3.

Pediatric all-terrain vehicle trauma: a 5-year statewide experience.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Marshall University School of Medicine, Huntington, West Virginia 25701-3655, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:

This is a retrospective review of the pediatric all-terrain vehicle trauma victims who presented to the five major trauma centers serving the state of West Virginia during the 5-year period from January 1991 to December 1995. The purpose of this research is to characterize the nature of the injuries and the individuals injured to better appreciate the magnitude of the problem of ATV-related injuries in the pediatric population.

METHODS:

This study is a retrospective review of these 218 consecutive pediatric patients from trauma registry data and their medical records.

RESULTS:

Two hundred eighteen patients between the ages of 2 years and 16 years presented during the study period. Boys outnumbered girls three to one. The average Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 8.76, the average Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) was 14.4, and the average Trauma Score (TS) was 15.2. The most common injuries were orthopedic followed by head and facial injuries. The majority of the children did not wear helmets, and their injuries resulted in an average hospital length of stay of 4.3 days. Thirty-eight percent of the children required surgery. There were a total of four deaths for a mortality rate of 1.8%. The estimated total hospitalization cost for the 218 patients was $1,918,400.00.

CONCLUSIONS:

All-terrain vehicle-related trauma remains an ongoing safety concern facing society today. Every physician who cares for children should address this important issue when talking to children and parents about safety issues and injury prevention.

PMID:
9694098
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3468(98)90535-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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