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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Jun 10;1365(1-2):135-42.

Subunit organization and structure in the F0 sector of Escherichia coli F1F0 ATP synthase.

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1
Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison 53705, USA.

Abstract

In this review, we summarize recent work from our laboratory which establishes the topology and nearest neighbor organization of subunits in the F0 sector of the H+ transporting ATP synthase of Escherichia coli. The E. coli F0 sector is composed of three subunits in an a1b2c12 stoichiometric ratio. Crosslinking experiments with genetically introduced Cys establish a ring-like organization of the 12 c subunits with subunits a and b lying to the outside of the ring. The results are interpreted using an atomic resolution structural model of monomeric subunit c in a chloroform-methanol-water (4:4:1, v/v/v) solution, derived by heteronuclear NMR (M.E. Girvin, F. Abildgaard, V. Rastogi, J. Markley, R.H. Fillingame, in press). The crosslinking results validate many predictions of the structural model and confirm a front-to-back-type packing of two subunit c into a functional dimer, as was first predicted from genetic studies. Aspartyl-61, the proton translocating residue, lies at the center of the four transmembrane helices of the functional dimer, rather than at the periphery of the subunit c ring. Subunit a is shown to fold with five transmembrane helices, and a functionally important interaction of transmembrane helix-4 with transmembrane helix-2 of subunit c is established. The single transmembrane helices of the two subunit b dimerize in the membrane. The structure of the transmembrane segment of subunit b is predicted from the NMR structure of the monomeric peptide.

PMID:
9693732
DOI:
10.1016/s0005-2728(98)00053-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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