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Eur J Immunol. 1998 Jul;28(7):2057-65.

Differential regulation of CD95 (Fas/APO-1) expression in human blood eosinophils.

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1
Department of Pneumology, Medical University Clinics, Freiburg, Germany. LUTTMANN@PNM1.UKL.UNI-FREIBURG.DE

Abstract

CD95 (Fas, APO-1) is a cell surface receptor expressed on many cells including eosinophils which mediates apoptosis when ligated by agonistic antibodies or its natural ligand FasL. Since inhibition of apoptosis may play an important role in controlling tissue eosinophilia, we investigated the expression of CD95 on purified peripheral blood eosinophils from normal donors. Freshly isolated eosinophils expressed CD95 on the cell surface as well as CD95-specific mRNA at low levels which did not change during 24-h culture. Incubation of eosinophils with IL-3, IL-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) did not modulate the basal expression of CD95. IFN-gamma as well as TNF-alpha, however, induced a significant, dose- and time-dependent increase in CD95 mRNA and cell surface expression as measured by reverse transcription-PCR and flow cytometry. Co-stimulation with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha had synergistic effects on the CD95 surface expression on eosinophils. Addition of IL-3, IL-5 or GM-CSF to IFN-gamma- and TNF-alpha-stimulated eosinophils caused in a reduction of CD95 expression. Functional activity for CD95 following incubation with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha was demonstrated by increased apoptosis in response to cross-linking with FasL. From these data, we conclude that IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha can up-regulate cell surface expression of CD95 on eosinophils, which leads to an increased susceptibility of eosinophils to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Thus, our results suggest that receptors involved in eosinophil apoptosis can be regulated by antagonistic cytokines.

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