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Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Jul;105(7):732-8.

Reduced fetal exposure to aspirin using a novel controlled-release preparation in normotensive and hypertensive pregnancies.

Author information

1
Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the fetal effects of a novel controlled-release, low dose aspirin preparation in normal and hypertensive pregnancies.

DESIGN:

Random double-blind study. Participants assigned to receive conventional formulation aspirin (75 mg), controlled-release low dose aspirin (75 mg), or a matching placebo.

SETTING:

National Maternity Hospital, Dublin.

PARTICIPANTS:

Eighteen women with an uncomplicated pregnancy and 18 women with preeclampsia.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Urine was analysed for metabolites of thromboxane and prostacyclin by gas chromatography, mass spectrometry. Serum thromboxane B2 was determined in maternal and cord blood.

RESULTS:

Both aspirin preparations reduced maternal serum thromboxane B2 by 95% and induced similar reductions in the urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2, a major metabolite of thromboxane A2 in vivo. In contrast, neither preparation altered urinary 2,3-dinor-6-keto PGF1alpha, the major metabolite of prostacyclin. Despite their similar effects in the mothers, the two aspirin preparations differed in their effects on the fetus. While both suppressed cord fetal thromboxane B2, this was significantly (P < 0.005) less for the controlled-release preparation (210+/-42 ng/ml for placebo vs 109+/-22 ng/ml for controlled-release aspirin and 44+/-9 ng/ml for regular oral aspirin).

CONCLUSIONS:

At equivalent maternal suppression of serum thromboxane B2, a controlled aspirin release preparation results in lower fetal exposure than regular oral aspirin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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