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Toxicon. 1998 Aug;36(8):1127-39.

Inhibition of a snake venom hemorrhagic metalloproteinase by human and rat alpha-macroglobulins.

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Department of Physiology, Miyazaki Medical College, Kiyotake, Japan.


Jararafibrase I is a hemorrhagic metalloproteinase purified from Bothrops jararaca venom, which induces local hemorrhage by degrading the basement membrane components. The present study was undertaken to investigate the inhibition of jararafibrase I by human and rat serum proteinase inhibitors. The proteolytic activity of jararafibrase I was completely inhibited by human and rat sera. In particular, rat serum displayed a greater inhibitory capacity. The inhibitory capacities of both sera were dependent on alpha-macroglobulins. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that jararafibrase I formed complexes with alpha-macroglobulins that were present in normal sera. The proteolytic activity of jararafibrase I was completely inhibited by alpha1-macroglobulin and murinoglobulin in rat serum, and by human alpha2-macroglobulin. The inhibition molar ratios of alpha-macroglobulin/jararafibrase I were 1.5 for rat alpha1-macroglobulin and human alpha2-macroglobulin, and 2.4 for rat murinoglobulin. SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions demonstrated that the bait region of human alpha2-macroglobulin and rat murinoglobulin was cleaved by jararafibrase I. The bait region cleavage sites were identified as being situated at the 696Arg-697Leu peptide bond in human alpha2-macroglobulin, and at the 686Ala-687Val peptide bond in rat murinoglobulin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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