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Lab Invest. 1998 Jul;78(7):839-46.

Reduced expression of calponin h1 in leiomyosarcoma of the uterus.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.


To determine the genetic differences between various smooth muscle tumors of the uterus, the expression of calponin h1 (cytoskeletal protein) was examined in normal myometrium and in smooth muscle tumors of the uterus (leiomyosarcoma, smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential, cellular leiomyoma, bizarre leiomyoma, and ordinary leiomyoma) using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Analysis of calponin h1 transcripts using the reverse-transcription-PCR was also performed. Immunohistochemically, calponin h1 was expressed in normal myometrium and in all leiomyomas; however, its expression was markedly weaker in leiomyosarcoma. The results of both Western blotting and the analysis of calponin h1 transcripts were compatible with the immunohistochemical results. It is suggested that reduced expression of calponin h1 is associated with leiomyosarcoma of the uterus, and that calponin h1 expression may serve as a valuable molecular maker in the differential diagnosis of smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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