Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Kidney Int. 1998 Aug;54(2):492-508.

Corticosterone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone stimulate Na,K-ATPase gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In mineralocorticoid target tissues such as kidney and colon, the enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta OHSD) catalizes the reversible conversion of corticosterone (CS) to inactive 11-dehydrocorticosterone (DHCS) in rats, and cortisol to inactive cortisone in humans. This enzyme is also expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC).

METHODS:

In cultured VSMC from rat thoracic aortae, we examined the effects of CS and DHCS on Na,K-ATPase alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA accumulation by Northern blot analysis, on alpha 1- and beta 1-subunit protein accumulation by Western blot analysis, and on Na,K-ATPase activity by the coupled assay method.

RESULTS:

In VSMC, CS and DHCS (10(-6) M) increased alpha 1-mRNA level 2.6- and 2.5-fold at 48 hours and beta 1-mRNA level 9.2- and 9.1-fold at 12 hours, respectively. The RNA transcription inhibitor (actinomycin D) abolished both CS- and DHCS-mediated alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA induction. The glucocorticoid receptor antagonist (RU38486) and the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (ZK91587) inhibited both CS- and DHCS-mediated alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA induction. The 11 beta OHSD inhibitor (carbenoxolone) inhibited DHCS-mediated alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA induction, whereas it caused no effect on CS-mediated alpha 1- or beta 1-mRNA induction. The addition of CS or DHCS to VSMC significantly increased alpha 1- and beta 1-subunit protein levels and Na,K-ATPase activity. When adrenalectomized rats were treated with CS or DHCS for 12 hours, aorta alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA levels increased 3.0- and 8.7-fold or 3.4- and 8.4-fold, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In VSMC, both CS and DHCS stimulate Na,K-ATPase alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA accumulation, alpha 1- and beta 1-subunit protein accumulation, and Na,K-ATPase activity. The CS-mediated alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA induction occurs independently of 11 beta OHSD, whereas the DHCS-mediated alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNA induction occurs through 11 beta OHSD-dependent mechanisms, possibly via conversion of inactive DHCS into active CS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center