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FEBS Lett. 1998 Jul 3;430(3):201-4.

A single missense mutant of Smad3 inhibits activation of both Smad2 and Smad3, and has a dominant negative effect on TGF-beta signals.

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Department of Biochemistry, The Cancer Institute, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo.


A missense mutation of Smad2 identified in cancer cells was reconstructed on the corresponding residue of Smad3. This mutant, Smad3D407E, was not phosphorylated by the constitutively active form of type I receptor for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), and inhibited the phosphorylation of co-expressed wild-type Smad2 and Smad3. This mutant also had a dominant negative effect on the growth inhibition of HaCaT cells and on the expression of p3TP-lux reporter gene induced by TGF-beta. However, it did not alter the phosphorylation of Smad1 induced by the constitutively active form of the bone morphogenetic protein type IA receptor. These findings showed that a single missense mutation in Smad3 could specifically block TGF-beta signals by preventing activation of both Smad2 and Smad3.

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