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Prostate. 1998 Aug 1;36(3):151-61.

Inhibitory effects of soy and rye diets on the development of Dunning R3327 prostate adenocarcinoma in rats.

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Department of Pathology, University of Umeå, Sweden.



Dunning R3327 PAP prostate tumors were transplanted in 125 rats, the rats were divided into five groups, and tumor development was examined for 24 weeks during treatment with diets containing 33% of soy flour (SD), rye bran (RB), heat-treated rye bran (HRB), or rye endosperm (RE).


In the SD, RB, and HRB groups, significantly fewer palpable tumors and lower tumor volume were detected 14 and 16 weeks after transplantation when compared with the control, fiber-free dietary (FF) group. The body weight was lower 16 weeks after tumor transplantation in the RB and HRB groups when compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Rats in the RB and the HRB groups had a significant lower energy intake than the FF group during the first metabolic observation period, 3-6 weeks after tumor transplantation (P < 0.05), whereas the energy intake was the same in all groups during the second metabolic observation period, 13-16 weeks after tumor transplantation. However, when the tumor volume was adjusted for the body weight of the animals, there were still significant lower tumor volumes in the SD, RB, and HRB groups compared with the FF group (P < 0.05). A significant increase in daily urinary excretion of the isoflavonoids, daidzein, O-desmethylangolensin, equol, and Genistein, was observed in the rats fed SD, and of the ligands enterolactone and enterodiol in the rats fed RB and HRB during both metabolic periods. There were no differences in testosterone levels between the groups.


The present study shows that SD inhibits implanted prostate cancer growth. Although RB and HRB had a protective effect, further studies are needed to exclude the possibility that a low energy intake played a role in this respect. The results suggest that phytoestrogens (isoflavonoids and ligands), may be responsible for the delayed prostate tumor growth.

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