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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998 Jul;17(7):581-6.

Care of human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in developing countries. International Working Group on Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Centre Inter-Universitaire Ambroise Paré, Mons, Belgium.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

There is urgent need to strengthen the area of pediatric HIV/AIDS care in developing countries. Clinical research in this area is also scarce.

METHODOLOGY:

A literature review and a postal survey were used to obtain updated information on mortality, morbidity and current standards of care of children born to HIV-infected mothers in developing countries. A 2-day workshop was organized to review the available data and to identify the key areas where clinical research should be conducted.

MAIN FINDINGS:

Rates of mortality and morbidity were very different from one study to another but generally higher than in industrialized countries. Prognostic studies for HIV-1-infected children in developing countries were not available. Based on the report of 14 teams from 11 countries, specific protocols for HIV-infected children with persistent diarrhea or severe malnutrition were documented in fewer than one-half of the cases. Secondary antimicrobial prophylaxis after interstitial pneumonia or recurrent infections was still infrequent, as primary prophylaxis of opportunistic infections. The following list of clinical research priorities was identified by the workshop participants: primary prophylaxis of opportunistic and bacterial infections; case management of persistent diarrhea; reassessment of the performance of p24 antigen for diagnostic and prognosis use; studies on the etiology of pulmonary infections; long term observational pediatric cohorts; current weaning practices and duration of breast-feeding; counseling and HIV testing of children and families; prevention of HIV sexual transmission in children and adolescents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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