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Dev Genes Evol. 1998 Jul;208(5):235-44.

Expression domains of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) Ol-Gsh 1 gene are reminiscent of those of clustered and orphan homeobox genes.

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Laboratoire de Génétique des Poissons, Domaine de Vilvert, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-78 352 Jouy-En-Josas Cedex, France.


Screening of a medaka (Oryzias latipes) adult brain cDNA library, with a degenerated probe corresponding to the most conserved region of helix III of the homeodomain, led to the isolation of a gene homologous to a murine orphan Hox gene, named Gsh-1. We have called this gene Ol-Gsh 1 (Oryzias latipes-Gsh 1). Molecular analysis of the Ol-Gsh 1 putative protein points to potential functional domains which are highly conserved between fish and mouse genes. Whole-mount in situ hybridization shows that Ol-Gsh 1 is expressed in several waves during embryonic development. Transcripts are found in many regions of the central nervous system: the spinal cord, dorsal rhombencephalon, optic tectum, dorsal diencephalon, hypothalamus anlagen and rostral telencephalon. This multimodal expression pattern, strikingly conserved between fish and mammals, is reminiscent of both clustered and orphan homeobox genes. In addition, each expression wave is initiated in the fish embryo earlier than in the mammalian embryo, relative to the time scale defined by somitogenesis. We propose that Ol-Gsh 1 may be involved in conserved developmental pathways and in particular may be linked to proliferation events. Mouse Gsh-1 was shown to participate in neuro-endocrine functions of the hypothalamus. From late developmental stages onwards, Ol-Gsh 1 expression is also restricted to the hypothalamus. The expression pattern in this structure raises interesting questions concerning a fully or partially conserved function for these genes.

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