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Immunogenetics. 1998 Aug;48(3):184-95.

The beta7 integrin gene (Itgb-7) promoter is responsive to TGF-beta1: defining control regions.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.


The beta7 integrins LPAM-1 (alpha4beta7) and M290 (alphaEbeta7) mediate the homing of lymphocytes to gut-associated lymphoid tissue, and the proposed retention of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL), respectively. Here we show that the gut mucosal cytokine TGF- beta1 increases the expression of beta7 and alphaE subunit mRNA transcripts and the cell-surface expression of M290 on T cells, and that it decreases the level of alpha4 integrin transcripts. Induced beta7 integrin gene expression was inhibited by the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein, implicating a role for tyrosine phosphorylation. An analysis of the beta7 integrin gene promoter revealed three DNAse I hypersensitivity sites, two of which mapped to the 5' and 3' ends of a promoter fragment (nucleotides +690 to +63) that directed both the basal and the TGF-beta1-induced expression of a heterologous reporter gene. Deletion analysis identified two TGF-beta1 response regions encompassing nucleotides -509 to -398 (TGFBRR1), and -122 to +32 (TGFBRR2). TGFBRR1 interacted with at least five protein complexes, whose binding could be induced with TGF-beta1 stimulation and could be antagonized by TGFBRR2 which harbored both similar and distinctive cis-elements. TGFBRR2 interacted specifically with at least two major nuclear protein complexes, whose binding was phosphorylation dependent. These data provide new insights into the mechanism by which TGF-beta may switch LPAM-1(+ve) migrating T cells to express M290, facilitating their retention in the gut.

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